Farm Environment Assessment

Date published: 5 April, 2022

The version of this page applicable to the AECS 2021 restricted round can be found in the Agri-Environment Climate Scheme full guidance archive.

To see recent changes to this guidance, check the bottom of this page.

You are required to prepare a Farm Environment Assessment to cover the whole of your holding if you are proposing to apply for any Agri-Environment Climate Scheme management options or capital items, unless you are only applying for the following options:

*These options will also require a Diffuse pollution risk assessment - see below

Note:

If your farm business has a Business Registration Number that consists of several Location Codes, the Farm Environment Assessment needs to cover the entirety of any Location Codes included in your application.

Other requirements:

If you are applying as a common grazings committee, the Farm Environment Assessment should cover the whole of the common grazings.

If you are applying as a single crofter with a common grazing apportionment (or designated cropped area), you should include the apportioned (or cropped area) in your Farm Environment Assessment.

Payment for a Farm Environment Assessment Plan is not available to those reapplying for the same land/holding as in a previously submitted AECS application related to agri-environmental management. However, you can claim payment if you are applying to AECS in 2022 for a holding, under the same BRN, which has not had any previous AECS applications.

Also, if you are applying for a holding previously applied for, but which now has additional land, you can only claim for the hectarage of the additional land.

Payment is not available if you have had an Integrated Land Management Plan (ILMP) produced for your farm funded through the Farm Advisory Service. This would constitute double funding.

Please refer to the Claims and Payments page for full details of eligibility criteria and payment rates

All applicants (apart from those only applying for organic farming, Upland HIA for deer management or Improving Public Access ) must undertake a diffuse pollution field-based risk assessment - see Diffuse pollution risk assessment section below.

If you wish to apply for certain options relating to water quality, you must also prepare a diffuse pollution steading assessment – see Diffuse pollution steading assessment section below.

The purpose of the assessment is to identify opportunities for beneficial environmental management through a review of the habitats and species on the farm.

The assessment will also highlight any key diffuse pollution risks on the land.

You will need to produce the following documents:

  • Farm Environment Map
  • Farm Environment Table
  • Farm Environment Management Map

To complete the Farm Environment Assessment effectively you will need to identify basic habitat types and produce a Farm Environment Map showing these.

While mapping the habitats you will also need to consider the impact of current management and the needs of the key species present in these habitats, and any key diffuse pollution risks.

This information should then be added to the Farm Environment Table where you can provide more detail about habitat condition.

The process of collecting this information should help you to identify the priorities for management and the best options to apply for, both for the benefit of the habitats and species, and to manage any diffuse pollution risks.

You will need to show your chosen scheme management options and capital items in a Farm Environment Management Map.

Depending on the size and nature of your land and the risks identified, you may either identify and map the diffuse pollution risks within the general Farm Environment Assessment, or prepare a separate Diffuse Pollution Field Assessment.

You may subsequently have to prepare a specialist management plan to meet the application requirements of some of the management options and capital items, which will require you to go into further detail at that stage.

Farm Environment Map

The map should clearly show the following:

  • Farm boundary.
  • Existing habitats, from the list provided in the Farm Environment Table template.
  • Boundaries of the following protected places for nature: Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), Special Protection Area (SPA), Special Area of Conservation SAC);
  • Any historic sites, e.g. Scheduled Monuments. If this makes the map too complex, you may wish to provide a separate map but this must also show the farm boundary.
  • Any diffuse pollution risks identified (unless showing them on a separate map). These should be identified on the map as a dot, line or shape as appropriate showing their location together with a number.
  • A key to the colour codes used in the map. The colours you use in the FEA table must match the colours in the map.

You should provide more than one map if necessary to ensure all the information is clear. For example, a map of the inbye fields and separate map of the moorland.

Note that if you are applying for Moorland Management, you must provide a detailed map of the extent of the different moorland habitats. As you have to provide this as a separate moorland map, the FEA map can be simplified for the moorland area, as explained in the FEA table template.

The map below is an example of a Farm Environment Map. This is for illustrative purposes and not based on the habitat categories in the revised FEA table.

Farm Environment Table

The supporting table begins with a short summary paragraph describing the farm. This should include details, such as farm type, size, agricultural activities, livestock numbers and type, crops grown and tenure.

Each habitat present should be described in the separate rows provided in the table. Provide a short description of the habitat and its condition, together with any issues, risks or opportunities. You should note the presence of any species of interest, especially any protected species or vulnerable priority species.

Where diffuse pollution risks have been identified, list them in the table using corresponding numbers on the map and give a brief outline of the risk (unless identifying them separately in a separate table). If no diffuse pollution risks have been found, state, ‘no diffuse pollution risks identified’.

You can download a template for the table and an example of how to complete it below.

Farm Environment Management Map

The management map should clearly show where the proposed management options and capital items are to be undertaken on the farm. Please refer to the “Marking your maps” and “Management Map” details on the Mapping page.

Each management activity should be individually labelled with a map letter for identification purposes and shown using a clear coloured map key. These map letters must correspond to the map letters provided in the online application.

For example, HM1 could be used for existing hedgerow management under the Management or Restoration of Hedgerows option, HC1 could be used to reflect new hedgerow creation under the Creation of Hedgerows option and SRG1 could be used for Species-rich Grassland Management.

Associated capital items can have the same map letter to avoid the map becoming cluttered. For example, stock fencing and hedge planting capital items for the same new hedge could be identified by the same map letter.

Similarly, capital items associated with management options can be shown by a line or symbol and have the same map letter. For example, fencing a water margin, as long as the map key clearly identifies the capital items.

The map must include a colour key.

You should provide more than one map if that is necessary to ensure all the information is clear. For example, a large-scale map of the in-bye fields and smaller-scale map of moorland.

You can download an example of a Farm Environment Management Map.

Diffuse pollution risk assessment

The purpose of this is to carry out a basic assessment of the diffuse pollution risks that may be present on your holding.

This will help to identify the options or actions that may be appropriate to help deal with these risks and where they should be located to maximise their effectiveness.

Field Assessment

To complete the field assessment it will be necessary to walk the fields with a view to identifying any diffuse pollution risks and to look for opportunities to reduce these risks.

Field Map

Using a map of an appropriate scale record as a line, point or shape as appropriate any diffuse pollution risks identified.

Depending on the size and nature of your land and the risks identified, you may either identify the risks on the Farm Environment Assessment map or prepare a separate Diffuse Pollution Field Map, as shown in the example below.

Each of these points must be individually numbered on the map and noted in a corresponding table which will describe the diffuse pollution risk found and what action can be taken to deal with it.

The location of all surface waters such as burns, ditches, ponds and wetlands should also be recorded.

Diffuse pollution risk factors will vary depending on the type of farm (arable or livestock) and on local factors such as, proximity to watercourses, slope of land and soil types, access of livestock to watercourses, location of gateways and tracks etc.

Guidance on factors to consider when carrying out a field diffuse pollution risk assessment can be found in the accompanying guidance for the options such as ‘Alternative Watering’ and the options for ‘Rural Sustainable Drainage Systems’.

For further guidance click here.

Diffuse pollution steading assessment

The Farm Environment Assessment should help identify key diffuse pollution risk factors from the land.

However where water quality options are to be applied for, a slightly more detailed assessment should be carried out covering any diffuse pollution risks from the steading.

There is further guidance here on what diffuse pollution risk factors should be considered and how to identify and record them.

The purpose of this exercise is to consider the whole farm, identify potential pollution risks and select the most appropriate options which will help you to manage the risks effectively.

You must complete this if you are applying for any of the following options:

Rural Sustainable Drainage Systems – Wetland

Rural Sustainable Drainage Systems – Sediment Traps and Bunds

Rural Sustainable Drainage Systems – Swales

Rural Sustainable Drainage Systems – Pond

Hard Standings for Troughs and Gateways

Livestock Crossing

Livestock Tracks

Managing Steading Drainage and Rural Sustainable Drainage Systems

Pesticide Handling Facilities

Water-use Efficiency – Irrigation Lagoon

Note: The completion of a Steading Assessment can be waived if there is no steading present on the holding. However, the applicant must provide a statement as part of the application, explaining that a steading assessment has not been completed because there is not a steading present on the holding.

Section Change
Other requirements Conditions attached to payment for Farm Environment Assessment plan in 2022 round added in April 2022.
Farm Environment Table Following publication of FEA page in January 2022 the Farm Environment Table template and example were amended mid February 2022 to remove requirement for mapping of arable land and improved grassland.
Whole page Updated page to cater for FEA requirements in 2022 round. Removal of reference to requirements for 2021 restricted round.

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